Taiwan is located in East Asia and is governed by the Republic of China. With a population of 23 Million, Taiwan’s total land area is only about 36,000 square kilometres and it is shaped like a leaf that is narrow at both ends. The island of Taiwan is located in the subtropical climate zone, and the sun is not as stinging hot as it seems bright, furthermore, the island is surrounded by oceans and the ocean breezes, which are the reason for Taiwan’s humid weather. Located along the southeast coast of the Asian Continent at the western edge of the Pacific Ocean, between Japan and the Philippines and right in the center of the East-Asian island arc, Taiwan forms a vital line of communication in the Asia-Pacific region and two-thirds of the total area is covered by forested mountains and the remaining area consists of hilly country, platforms and highlands, coastal plains and basins.

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